The philosophy of religion

How is religion different from philosophy?

Answer: philosophy in general is the rational investigation of truth, whereas religion often makes the same kind of truth claims but doesn’t claim to base it on reason or rationality, but instead it is based on other things like faith .

What is the philosophy of God?

Theism is the view that there is a God which is the creator and sustainer of the universe and is unlimited with regard to knowledge (omniscience), power (omnipotence), extension (omnipresence), and moral perfection. Concepts of God in philosophy are entwined with concepts of God in religion.

Who existed first religion or philosophy?

Religion and philosophy , at first , were essentially the same thing. All part of early human attempts to understand the forces at work in the world. And of ways to deal with them. Religion officially came into existence when it’s underlying philosophy became dogmatic, rigid and was forcibly imposed on others.

Do philosophers believe in God?

There is no consensus about the existence or non-existence of possible worlds, Platonic forms, abstract structures, real essences – or God . Some philosophers – not most but a significant minority, including members of the Society of Christian Philosophers – believe in God .

Does philosophy go against religion?

“To be honest, most of philosophy isn’t concerned in any direct sense with God or God’s existence,” Jensen said. “It is one part of philosophy that we study, but we’re not obsessed with it. In no way is it the purpose of philosophy to attack religion .”

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Why do we study philosophy of religion?

Philosophy of religion can play an important role in helping persons understand and evaluate different religious traditions and their alternatives. Second: Philosophy of religion as a field may be popular because of the overlapping interests found in both religious and philosophical traditions.

What are the 5 arguments for the existence of God?

Thus Aquinas’ five ways defined God as the Unmoved Mover, the First Cause, the Necessary Being, the Absolute Being and the Grand Designer. It should be noted that Aquinas’ arguments are based on some aspects of the sensible world. Aquinas’ arguments are therefore a posteriori in nature.

Who created God?

Defenders of religion have countered that the question is improper: We ask, “If all things have a creator, then who created God?” Actually, only created things have a creator, so it’s improper to lump God with his creation. God has revealed himself to us in the Bible as having always existed.

Which philosopher did not believe in God?

Diagoras of Melos (5th century BC): Ancient Greek poet and sophist known as the Atheist of Milos, who declared that there were no Gods. Denis Diderot (1713–1784): editor-in-chief of the Encyclopédie. Theodore Drange (1934–): Philosopher of religion and Professor Emeritus at West Virginia University.

What is the world made of in philosophy?

Plato, the Greek philosopher who lived in the 5th century B.C.E., believed that the universe was made of five types of matter: earth , air, fire, water, and cosmos. Each was described with a particular geometry, a platonic shape.

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What came first religion or science?

The concepts of ” science ” and ” religion ” are a recent invention: ” religion ” emerged in the 17th century in the midst of colonization and globalization and the Protestant Reformation, ” science ” emerged in the 19th century in the midst of attempts to narrowly define those who studied nature.

When did religion come about?

This period of religious history begins with the invention of writing about 5,220 years ago (3200 BC). The prehistory of religion involves the study of religious beliefs that existed prior to the advent of written records. One can also study comparative religious chronology through a timeline of religion .

What religion believes in God but not Jesus?

Unitarians believe in the moral authority but not necessarily the divinity of Jesus. Their theology is thus opposed to the trinitarian theology of other Christian denominations.

Who are the famous atheist?

Here, then, is our list of the 50 top atheists in the world today: 50 David Silverman (b. 1966) 49Wrath James White (born c. 1970) 48Dan Barker (b. 1949) 47Greydon Square (b. 1981) 46Paul Zachary (“P.Z.”) Myers (b. 1957) 45James (“The Amazing”) Randi (b. 1928) 44Polly Toynbee (b. 1946) 43Michael Newdow (b. 1953)

Can morals exist without God?

Secular humanism It posits that human beings are capable of being ethical and moral without religion or God , it neither assumes humans to be inherently evil or innately good, nor presents humans as “above nature” or superior to it.

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