Stoic philosophy definition

What is the philosophy of the Stoics?

Stoicism is an ancient Greek philosophy (developed by Zeno of Citium around 300 B.C. as a refinement of Cynicism ) which teaches the development of self-control and fortitude as a means of overcoming destructive emotions.

What it means to be a stoic?

Being stoic is being calm and almost without any emotion. When you’re stoic , you don’t show what you’re feeling and you also accept whatever is happening. The noun stoic is a person who’s not very emotional. The adjective stoic describes any person, action, or thing that seems emotionless and almost blank.

What are the 4 virtues of stoicism?

The Stoics elaborated a detailed taxonomy of virtue, dividing virtue into four main types: wisdom , justice , courage , and moderation. Wisdom is subdivided into good sense, good calculation, quick-wittedness, discretion, and resourcefulness. Justice is subdivided into piety, honesty, equity, and fair dealing.

What are the basic principles of stoicism?

Detailed below are the 9 Principles of Stoicism , summarised from the Paul Jun article: Acknowledge that all emotions come from within. Find someone you respect, and use them to stay honest. Recognize there is life after failure. Read purposefully, and apply your knowledge. Challenge yourself to be brutally honest.

What is a stoic lifestyle?

Stoicism is, at its root, a philosophy for minimizing the negative emotions in your life and maximizing your gratitude and joy; it includes mindfulness practices and value-based living. Stoicism is a tool to amplify your human experience, both internally and externally.

Is stoicism a good philosophy?

It’s a philosophy designed to make us more resilient, happier, more virtuous and more wise–and as a result, better people, better parents and better professionals. Stoicism has been a common thread though some of history’s great leaders.

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Can Stoics be happy?

Yes, the Stoics are happy , because they can be happy . Stoicism doesn’t epitomize being humorless and passionless as the basic principles. In fact, a Stoic person is happier than most of us because their philosophy shows them how to be happy .

Is being stoic a good thing?

Stoic people are resilient which is good . Another tendency is that they don’t show emotions, which is a disadvantage and advantage in different situations. This tendency may work against them in social situations. This tendency may help them in catastrophic situations.

Why stoicism is bad?

So Stoicism is inimical to freedom. It is true that we cannot control everything, but Stoicism is the wrong response. But Stoicism is unable to work the “magic” of emotion, as Sartre says. In his view, people initiate emotions when they are confronted with obstacles they seemingly have no rational way of overcoming.

Do Stoics believe in God?

The Stoics often identified the universe and God with Zeus, as the ruler and upholder, and at the same time the law, of the universe. The Stoic God is not a transcendent omniscient being standing outside nature, but rather it is immanent—the divine element is immersed in nature itself.

How do Stoics view death?

So in order to properly live, we must learn to accept death as a natural process of life. The Stoics viewed death as natural, a return to Nature. It is the value-judgments we place on death which makes it as terrible as it is. This is the existential dilemma we all will face at one point or another in our lives.

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Is Yoda a stoic?

“ Yoda is one of the most Stoic characters in film,” says William Stephens, PhD, Creighton philosophy professor and an expert on Stoicism . “His wisdom echoes what Stoics like Marcus Aurelius or Epictetus say: ‘Fear leads to anger.

What are the three main teachings of stoicism?

Stoic Principles Nature: Nature is rational. Law of Reason: The universe is governed by the law of reason. Virtue: A life led according to rational nature is virtuous. Wisdom : Wisdom is the the root virtue. Apathea: Since passion is irrational, life should be waged as a battle against it.

What are the characteristics of a stoic?

A stoic would be trying to cultivating the virtues of Wisdom, Justice, Courage , and Temperance (discipline). This would look like someone who is curious and seeks knowledge, has a sense of fairness, tries to do the right thing, and doesn’t do things to excess like eat or drink.

What are the pillars of stoicism?

Stoicism is an ancient Greco-Roman philosophy. The ideal for the Stoic, as with the Buddhist, is to show complete equanimity in the face of adversity. The four virtues of Stoicism are wisdom , justice , courage and temperance. Temperance is subdivided into self-control, discipline and modesty.

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