Philosophy of justice

What are the 4 types of justice?

This article points out that there are four different types of justice : distributive (determining who gets what), procedural (determining how fairly people are treated), retributive (based on punishment for wrong-doing) and restorative (which tries to restore relationships to “rightness.”) All four of these are

What is Plato’s idea of justice?

Justice is, for Plato , at once a part of human virtue and the bond, which joins man together in society. Justice is an order and duty of the parts of the soul, it is to the soul as health is to the body. Plato says that justice is not mere strength, but it is a harmonious strength.

What is Aristotle’s theory of justice?

Justice is one of the most important moral and political concepts. Aristotle says justice consists in what is lawful and fair, with fairness involving equitable distributions and the correction of what is inequitable.

What are the 3 principles of justice?

These sentencing principles reflect all three the key principles of fairness , equality and access.

What is justice and why is it important?

Retributive justice seeks to punish wrongdoers objectively and proportionately. And procedural justice refers to implementing legal decisions in accordance with fair and unbiased processes. Justice is one of the most important moral values in the spheres of law and politics.

How do you show justice?

Treat people the way you want to be treated. Take Turns. Tell the truth. Play by the rules. Think about how your actions will affect others. Listen to people with an open mind. Don’t blame others for your mistakes. Don’t take advantage of other people. Don’t play favorites.

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What is glaucon’s definition of justice?

Glaucon explains that justice is a social contract that emerges between people who are roughly equal in power so no one is able to oppress the others since the pain of suffering injustice outweighs the benefit of committing it.

What is Socrates theory of justice?

Finally, Socrates defines justice in the city as the state in which each class performs only its own work, not meddling in the work of the other classes (433b). The virtues discovered in the city are then sought in the individual soul.

Where did the concept of justice originate?

Early theories of justice were set out by the Ancient Greek philosophers Plato in his work The Republic, and Aristotle in his Nicomachean Ethics. Throughout history various theories have been established. Advocates of divine command theory have said that justice issues from God.

What are the two types of justice?

Aristotle divides justice – understood as fairness in individuals’ shares – into two forms , distributive and corrective. These forms are based on two distinct variations of the concept of reciprocity.

Is justice related to happiness?

Plato’s Theory Of Justice In The Value Of The Soul As we have seen, Plato believes that justice is in the interest of those who are just. He shows this by arguing that justice is a component of the happy life.

What are the two kinds of justice?

For Aristotle, there are two senses of justice : 1) narrow justice . Narrow justice is sometimes labeled as ‘equality’ in Aristotle, but it is not arithmetical: rather it is proportional (and comes in three kinds : distributive, corrective, and reciprocal: see examples a ways below).

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What are the two principles of justice Rawls?

Rawls orders the principles of justice lexically, as follows: 1, 2b, 2a. The greatest equal liberty principle takes priority, followed by the equal opportunity principle and finally the difference principle. The first principle must be satisfied before 2b, and 2b must be satisfied before 2a.

What is the main idea of Rawls theory of justice?

Rawls holds that justice as fairness is the most egalitarian, and also the most plausible, interpretation of these fundamental concepts of liberalism. He also argues that justice as fairness provides a superior understanding of justice to that of the dominant tradition in modern political thought : utilitarianism.

What is Rawls theory of justice as fairness?

“Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical” is an essay by John Rawls, published in 1985. In it he describes his conception of justice. It comprises two main principles of liberty and equality; the second is subdivided into Fair Equality of Opportunity and the Difference Principle.

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