Other (philosophy)

What is the concept of other?

The Other is an individual who is perceived by the group as not belonging, as being different in some fundamental way. The group sees itself as the norm and judges those who do not meet that norm (that is, who are different in any way) as the Other .

What is the idea of otherness?

Definitions. Otherness is the result of a discursive process by which a dominant in-group (“Us,” the Self) constructs one or many dominated out-groups (“Them,” Other) by stigmatizing a difference – real or imagined – presented as a negation of identity and thus a motive for potential discrimination.

What is the self and the other?

The binary of self and other is perhaps one of the most basic theories of human consciousness and identity, claiming, in short, that the existence of an other , a not- self , allows the possibility or recognition of a self . In other words: I see you. I do not control your body or hear your thoughts. You are separate.

What is other self in philosophy?

In the discourse of philosophy , the term Otherness identifies and refers to the characteristics of Who? and What? of the Other , which are distinct and separate from the Symbolic order of things; from the Real (the authentic and unchangeable); from the æsthetic (art, beauty, taste); from political philosophy ; from

What philosophy means?

Philosophy (from Greek: φιλοσοφία, philosophia, ‘love of wisdom’) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about reason, existence, knowledge, values, mind, and language. Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation.

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What does Alterity mean?

Alterity means , literally, “otherness” or “being otherwise” and at times is used simply to mean “difference.” It is derived from the Latin alter, translated “otherwise.”

What does Othering mean?

Othering is a phenomenon in which some individuals or groups are defined and labeled as not fitting in within the norms of a social group. It is an effect that influences how people perceive and treat those who are viewed as being part of the in-group versus those who are seen as being part of the out-group.

Who coined Othering?

Spivak

What is ideal self and real self?

Your Real Self is who you actually are, while your Ideal Self is the person you want to be. The Ideal Self is an idealized version of yourself created out of what you have learned from your life experiences, the demands of society, and what you admire in your role models.

What are the 3 selves?

The Three – Selves Model views a person as being in one of three self-states: closed, absorbent, and flexible. The expression of the self will depend upon the person’s typical way of being, the situation, and self-awareness.

What are the different types of self?

Two types of self are commonly considered—the self that is the ego, also called the learned, superficial self of mind and body, an egoic creation, and the self which is sometimes called the “True Self “, the “Observing Self “, or the “Witness”.

How does Socrates define self?

And contrary to the opinion of the masses, one’s true self , according to Socrates , is not to be identified with what we own, with our social status, our reputation, or even with our body. Instead, Socrates famously maintained that our true self is our soul.

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How does Hume define self?

Hume suggests that the self is just a bundle of perceptions, like links in a chain. Hume argues that our concept of the self is a result of our natural habit of attributing unified existence to any collection of associated parts. This belief is natural, but there is no logical support for it.

What is Plato’s definition of self?

As a matter of fact, in many of his dialogues, Plato contends that the true self of the human person is the “rational soul”, that is, the reason or the intellect that constitutes the person’s soul, and which is separable from the body.

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