What is a philosophical argument?
In philosophy , an argument is a connected series of statements, including at least one premise, intended to demonstrate that another statement, the conclusion, is true. The process by which we reason in order to reach a conclusion is referred to as inference.
What is an argument in philosophy quizlet?
Terms in this set (27) argument . a series of statements, where some, the premises, provide evidence or reasons for others, the conclusions.
What is the definition of a argument?
1 : a reason or the reasoning given for or against a matter under discussion — compare evidence, proof. 2 : the act or process of arguing , reasoning, or discussing especially : oral argument .
What is a good philosophical argument?
A good argument is an argument that is either valid or strong, and with plausible premises that are true, do not beg the question, and are relevant to the conclusion. “The conclusion of this argument is true, so some or all the premises are true.”
What are the 5 Steps to Analyzing an argument?
Terms in this set (47) The five steps of analyzing arguments include: Determining what the arguer MEANS, CONSECUTIVELY numbering arguments , identifying the argument’s MAIN CLAIM, DIAGRAMMING the argument , and CRITIQUING the argument .
What is an argument critical thinking?
In critical thinking , an argument is defined as Argument . A set of statements, one of which is the conclusion and the others are the premises. There are three important things to remember here: Arguments contain statements. They have a conclusion.
How should moral philosophy begin?
According to the text, how should moral philosophy begin ? From a set of plausible ethical claims that is subject to revision. Moral theorizing essentially involves: trying to decide what is right or wrong on a case-by-case basis.
What fallacy is it when an argument attacks the person rather than the person’s beliefs?
Abusive ad hominem Key issues in examining an argument to determine whether it is an ad hominem fallacy or not are whether the accusation against the person stands true or not, and whether the accusation is relevant to the argument.
When the truth of the premises guarantee the truth of the conclusion?
Deductive argument: involves the claim that the truth of its premises guarantees the truth of its conclusion ; the terms valid and invalid are used to characterize deductive arguments. A deductive argument succeeds when, if you accept the evidence as true (the premises ), you must accept the conclusion .
What are the three parts of an arguments?
An argument can be broken down into three major components : premises, inferences, and a conclusion. Here we see two different types of claims which can occur in an argument . The first is a factual claim, and this purports to offer evidence.
How do we define argument What is the basic structure of an argument?
Basic Structure of an Argument . An argument is a reasoned or thoughtful process. Logical Argument . . Always includes at least one premise and one conclusion.
What’s a good argument topic?
Argumentative Essay Topics Education Parents should have an active role in their child’s education. The Grading system shouldn’t exist to judge a student’s abilities. Standardized tests should be abolished in schools. All students must wear a uniform in high school.
What does philosopher mean?
1a : a person who seeks wisdom or enlightenment : scholar, thinker. b : a student of philosophy . 2a : a person whose philosophical perspective makes meeting trouble with equanimity easier.