How did Enlightenment philosophy affect government society and the arts quizlet?
What effects did Enlightenment philosophers have on government and society ? Enlightenment thinkers paved the way for modern democracy. Montesquieu’s three branches of government helped frame the US constitution. Voltaire’s literature helped illustrate the importance of freedom of speech.
How did Enlightenment philosophy affect the arts?
The Enlightenment affected the arts and literature greatly. It helped create a new style of art , rococo, to replace the old style, baroque. Instead of having grand and complex art , the art was simple and elegant. The novel was also created during the Enlightenment to help the spread of new ideas to distant places.
How did the Enlightenment affect government?
The Enlightenment brought political modernization to the west, in terms of focusing on democratic values and institutions and the creation of modern, liberal democracies. Enlightenment thinkers sought to curtail the political power of organized religion, and thereby prevent another age of intolerant religious war.
How did the Enlightenment affect society?
The Enlightenment helped combat the excesses of the church, establish science as a source of knowledge, and defend human rights against tyranny. It also gave us modern schooling, medicine, republics, representative democracy, and much more.
Which three philosophers were most important?
Which three philosophes were most important in the first half of the eighteenth century? Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Diderot dominated the intellectual landscape of the Enlightenment .
What were some of the most important effects of the Enlightenment?
The Enlightenment produced numerous books, essays, inventions, scientific discoveries, laws, wars and revolutions. The American and French Revolutions were directly inspired by Enlightenment ideals and respectively marked the peak of its influence and the beginning of its decline.
What types of art did the Enlightenment influence?
Art During the Enlightenment Previous to the Enlightenment , the dominant artistic style was Rococo. When the Enlightenment and its new ideals took hold, Rococo was condemned for being immoral, indecent, and indulgent, and a new kind of instructive art was called for, which became known as Neoclassicism.
What was the cause of enlightenment?
Causes . On the surface, the most apparent cause of the Enlightenment was the Thirty Years’ War. This horribly destructive war, which lasted from 1618 to 1648, compelled German writers to pen harsh criticisms regarding the ideas of nationalism and warfare.
How did the Enlightenment influence literature?
Literature , like many other fields, was greatly changed during the Enlightenment , a period during which independent though was embraced, skepticism ran freely through work, and new values, including an emphasis on science, became quite common among the educated classes.
What are the two most important Enlightenment ideas?
The Enlightenment included a range of ideas centered on the sovereignty of reason and the evidence of the senses as the primary sources of knowledge and advanced ideals such as liberty, progress, toleration, fraternity, constitutional government and separation of church and state.
What did the Enlightenment thinkers believe was the role of government?
Montesquieu wrote that the main purpose of government is to maintain law and order, political liberty, and the property of the individual. Montesquieu opposed the absolute monarchy of his home country and favored the English system as the best model of government .
Why was the Enlightenment so important?
What were the most important ideas of the Enlightenment ? It was thought during the Enlightenment that human reasoning could discover truths about the world, religion, and politics and could be used to improve the lives of humankind.
How did the Enlightenment affect the economy?
The age of Enlightenment also had a profound effect on the economy . Ideas of free trade or laissez faire were first propagated in this period. As people moved from rural areas to cities, economic reliance shifted from agriculture to non-agriculture products. Life style began to change.
How did the Enlightenment influence politics and society?
Change government and society by using reason to improve/perfect the world and influence change globally. Enlightenment ideas influenced society and culture as a new generation of philosophes had new ideas about liberty and the condition of women, which were spread through an increasingly literate society .
How did the Enlightenment affect people’s attitudes toward political authority?
How did the Enlightenment affect people’s attitudes toward political authority ? A. It encouraged Europeans to avoid entering into social contracts with governments. It led most Europeans to reject monarchy as a legitimate form of government.