Dialectic definition philosophy

What is the definition of dialectic?

Dialectic or dialectics (Greek: διαλεκτική, dialektikḗ; related to dialogue), also known as the dialectical method, is at base a discourse between two or more people holding different points of view about a subject but wishing to establish the truth through reasoned methods of argumentation.

What does Plato mean by dialectic?

Plato uses the term dialectic throughout his works to refer to whatever method he happens to be recommending as the vehicle of philosophy. The term, from dialegesthai, meaning to converse or talk through, gives insight into his core conception of the project.

What is an example of a dialectic?

Dialectics is the general theory of how things come into existence, change, and die out. Opposition Examples : parents and their children (this is an opposite relation, whether they are in conflict or not), the working class and the capitalist class, economic production and consumption, theory and practice.

What are the 3 basic laws of dialectics?

The three most important dialectical laws are: The law of the transformation of quantity into quality and vice versa. The law of the interpenetration of opposites. The law of the negation of the negation.

What is dialectic in psychology?

According to Marsha Linehan, the psychologist and founder of Dialectical Behavior Therapy, dialectical thinking is a middle ground between two opposite ways of thinking and acting. In terms of dialectical behavior therapy the goal becomes that the patient comes to accept the existence of two poles and many details.

What does dialectic mean in DBT?

Marsha Linehan, the creator of DBT , defines dialectical as a synthesis or integration of opposites. In simpler terms, dialectical means two opposing things being true at once.

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What is Socrates dialectic method?

The Socratic method , also known as method of elenchus, elenctic method , or Socratic debate, is a form of cooperative argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas and underlying presuppositions.

What does it mean to think dialectically?

Dialectical thinking refers to the ability to view issues from multiple perspectives and to arrive at the most economical and reasonable reconciliation of seemingly contradictory information and postures.

What is Hegel’s theory?

Hegelianism is the philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel which can be summed up by the dictum that “the rational alone is real”, which means that all reality is capable of being expressed in rational categories. His goal was to reduce reality to a more synthetic unity within the system of absolute idealism .

What is the difference between dialectic and metaphysics?

Metaphysics – studies the object in the given state (condition). Dialectics – antipodes give birth to new conception (thesis + antithesis = synthesis), so the world is observed in motion. 32.

What is Marxist ideology?

Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, better known as historical materialism, to understand class relations and social conflict as well as a dialectical perspective to view social transformation.

What does Hegelian dialectic mean?

Hegelian dialectic in British English (hɪˈɡeɪlɪan, heɪˈɡiː-) philosophy. an interpretive method in which the contradiction between a proposition ( thesis) and its antithesis is resolved at a higher level of truth ( synthesis) Collins English Dictionary.

What did Karl Marx mean by dialectical materialism?

Dialectical materialism , a philosophical approach to reality derived from the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. For Marx and Engels, materialism meant that the material world, perceptible to the senses, has objective reality independent of mind or spirit.

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How many laws of dialectics are there?

Three Laws

How do you think and act dialectically?

Ways to think and act dialectically Practice looking at other points of view. Remember that no one has the absolute truth. Use “I feel ______” statements. Do not assume that you know what is in someone else’s head. Accept that different opinions can be legitimate (although you do not have to agree with them).

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