African religions and philosophy

What is the original religion of the African?

Christianity came first to the continent of Africa in the 1st or early 2nd century AD. Oral tradition says the first Muslims appeared while the prophet Mohammed was still alive (he died in 632). Thus both religions have been on the continent of Africa for over 1,300 years.

What is the meaning of African religion?

Introduction. The term “ African Traditional Religion ” is used in two complementary senses. Loosely, it encompasses all African beliefs and practices that are considered religious but neither Christian nor Islamic.

Who is mbiti?

John Samuel Mbiti (1931–2019) was a Kenyan-born Christian philosopher and writer. He was an ordained Anglican priest, and is considered “the father of modern African theology”.

What religions originated in Africa?

The three main religious traditions— African traditional religion , Christianity , and Islam —constitute the triple religious heritage of the African continent. This heritage, though contemporarily more dynamically evidenced, has a long history and influence.

Which is oldest religion in world?

The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म: “the Eternal Way “), which refers to the idea that its origins lie beyond human history, as revealed in the Hindu texts.

What was Africa’s religion before Christianity?

GAZETTE: How would you define indigenous African religions ? OLUPONA: Indigenous African religions refer to the indigenous or native religious beliefs of the African people before the Christian and Islamic colonization of Africa .

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What God does in African traditional religion?

Animism builds the core concept of traditional African religions, this includes the worship of tutelary deities , nature worship, ancestor worship and the belief in an afterlife.

What is medicine in African traditional religion?

African traditional medicine in its varied forms is holistic involving both the body and the mind. The traditional healer typically diagnoses and treats the psychological basis of an illness before prescribing medicines , particularly medicinal plants to treat the symptoms [2, 6–8].

What are the characteristics of African religion?

There have been many attempts at describing African Traditional Religion according to its main characteristics . Turaki (1999:69) lists the following main characteristics : belief in a Supreme Being • belief in spirits and divinities • the cult of ancestors • the use of magic, charms and spiritual forces.

Did Africa have a religion?

Religion in Africa is multifaceted and has been a major influence on art, culture and philosophy. Today, the continent’s various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity, Islam, and to a lesser extent several traditional African religions .

When did Christianity enter Africa?

Christianity first arrived in North Africa, in the 1st or early 2nd century AD. The Christian communities in North Africa were among the earliest in the world. Legend has it that Christianity was brought from Jerusalem to Alexandria on the Egyptian coast by Mark, one of the four evangelists, in 60 AD .

What religion existed before Christianity?

Sometimes called the official religion of ancient Persia, Zoroastrianism is one of the world’s oldest surviving religions, with teachings older than Buddhism , older than Judaism , and far older than Christianity or Islam. Zoroastrianism is thought to have arisen “in the late second millennium B.C.E.

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What did traditional African religions believe in?

Followers of traditional African religion believe that ancestors maintain a spiritual connection with their living relatives. Most ancestral spirits are generally good and kind. The only negative actions taken by ancestral spirits is to cause minor illnesses to warn people that they have gotten onto the wrong path.

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