What is the philosophy of Stoicism?
Stoicism is a school of philosophy that hails from ancient Greece and Rome in the early parts of the 3rd century, BC. It is a philosophy of life that maximizes positive emotions, reduces negative emotions and helps individuals to hone their virtues of character.
Is stoicism a good philosophy?
It’s a philosophy designed to make us more resilient, happier, more virtuous and more wise–and as a result, better people, better parents and better professionals. Stoicism has been a common thread though some of history’s great leaders.
What is the philosophy of Epictetus?
Primarily interested in ethics , Epictetus described philosophy as learning “how it is possible to employ desire and aversion without hindrance.” True education, he believed, consists in recognizing that there is only one thing that belongs to an individual fully—his will, or purpose .
What are the 4 virtues of stoicism?
The Stoics elaborated a detailed taxonomy of virtue, dividing virtue into four main types: wisdom , justice , courage , and moderation. Wisdom is subdivided into good sense, good calculation, quick-wittedness, discretion, and resourcefulness. Justice is subdivided into piety, honesty, equity, and fair dealing.
What are the three main teachings of stoicism?
Stoic Principles Nature: Nature is rational. Law of Reason: The universe is governed by the law of reason. Virtue: A life led according to rational nature is virtuous. Wisdom : Wisdom is the the root virtue. Apathea: Since passion is irrational, life should be waged as a battle against it.
Why stoicism is bad?
So Stoicism is inimical to freedom. It is true that we cannot control everything, but Stoicism is the wrong response. But Stoicism is unable to work the “magic” of emotion, as Sartre says. In his view, people initiate emotions when they are confronted with obstacles they seemingly have no rational way of overcoming.
Is Stoicism a philosophy?
Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early 3rd century BC. It is a philosophy of personal ethics informed by its system of logic and its views on the natural world.
Can Stoics be happy?
Yes, the Stoics are happy , because they can be happy . Stoicism doesn’t epitomize being humorless and passionless as the basic principles. In fact, a Stoic person is happier than most of us because their philosophy shows them how to be happy .
What are the basic principles of stoicism?
Detailed below are the 9 Principles of Stoicism , summarised from the Paul Jun article: Acknowledge that all emotions come from within. Find someone you respect, and use them to stay honest. Recognize there is life after failure. Read purposefully, and apply your knowledge. Challenge yourself to be brutally honest.
What is the ultimate goal of philosophy?
We have identified two primary goals in philosophy , knowledge of truth on the one hand and achieving or realizing states of goodness on the other.
What is a stoic person like?
Being stoic is being calm and almost without any emotion. When you’re stoic , you don’t show what you’re feeling and you also accept whatever is happening. The noun stoic is a person who’s not very emotional. The adjective stoic describes any person , action, or thing that seems emotionless and almost blank.
Do Stoics believe in God?
The Stoics often identified the universe and God with Zeus, as the ruler and upholder, and at the same time the law, of the universe. The Stoic God is not a transcendent omniscient being standing outside nature, but rather it is immanent—the divine element is immersed in nature itself.
How do Stoics view death?
So in order to properly live, we must learn to accept death as a natural process of life. The Stoics viewed death as natural, a return to Nature. It is the value-judgments we place on death which makes it as terrible as it is. This is the existential dilemma we all will face at one point or another in our lives.
Is there a symbol for stoicism?
The clenched fist appears to have been an important Stoic symbol , perhaps enclosed in the other hand. We also know that the beard and rough, short, grey-cotton cloak were generally symbols of the philosopher, in terms of his appearance.
What are the 4 human virtues?
Because of this reference, a group of seven attributes is sometimes listed by adding the four cardinal virtues ( prudence , temperance , fortitude , justice) and three theological virtues (faith, hope, charity).