What statement best describes the philosophy of John Locke?
Locke argued that the people always remain in charge, and asserted that the people have the power to change their government and remove government leaders if the government is not properly serving the needs and well-being of the people.
Which statement about the relationship between Enlightenment philosophers in the philosophy of Robert Filmer is true?
Filmer argued for a strong monarchy, whereas Enlightenment philosophers claimed that government was not necessary because natural law would allow society to advance.
Which statement best explains why the divine right of kings theory conflicted with the idea of a social contract?
As a purely Catholic idea , the divine right of kings theory conflicted with the Protestant theory of a social contract . Explanation : The ‘ divine right of kings ‘ gave the absolute power to the kings. The society lost all powers concerning public matters.
What did Locke wrote about philosophy?
John Locke (1632–1704) is among the most influential political philosophers of the modern period. In the Two Treatises of Government, he defended the claim that men are by nature free and equal against claims that God had made all people naturally subject to a monarch.
What best describes a social contract as defined by Western philosophers in the 18th century?
Social Contract is defined as the rights and obligations of citizens to the government. This can be seen through the laws that people must obey when they are in a country. In the 18th century , the concept of social contract is that man surrenders some of his freedom in exchange for the benefits an.
What is the philosophy of Sir Robert Filmer?
He was the first English absolutist, for Patriarcha was written long before the Civil Wars and before Thomas Hobbes was published. Filmer believed that the state was a family, that the first king was a father, and that submission to patriarchal authority was the key to political obligation.
How did Enlightenment thinkers influence the founding fathers?
Enlightenment ideas influenced the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights by giving the Framers the ideas for checks and balances, individual freedom, and government by the people.
How did John Locke’s theory differ from the divine right of kings?
Natural Rights Locke wrote and developed the philosophy that there was no legitimate government under the divine right of kings theory . Therefore, whatever the monarch decided was the will of God. When you criticized the ruler, you were in effect challenging God.
What is the statement about the divine right of kings?
Divine right of kings , in European history, a political doctrine in defense of monarchical absolutism, which asserted that kings derived their authority from God and could not therefore be held accountable for their actions by any earthly authority such as a parliament.
What best explains divine right?
The divine right of kings and the social contract theories hold that government power derives from a social contract that requires the people to obey their ruler as they would a god.
Which best describes a social contract?
The ” social contract ” refers to an implicit agreement between a government and the citizens of the society overseen by that government. the answer is d people consenting to a form f goverment , which implies that an individual releases some liberty for the common good.
What were the main ideas of John Locke?
In political theory, or political philosophy, John Locke refuted the theory of the divine right of kings and argued that all persons are endowed with natural rights to life, liberty, and property and that rulers who fail to protect those rights may be removed by the people, by force if necessary.
What are John Locke’s 3 natural rights?
Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are “life, liberty, and property.” Locke believed that the most basic human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. To serve that purpose , he reasoned, individuals have both a right and a duty to preserve their own lives.
What is the contribution of John Locke?
The English philosopher and political theorist John Locke (1632-1704) laid much of the groundwork for the Enlightenment and made central contributions to the development of liberalism. Trained in medicine, he was a key advocate of the empirical approaches of the Scientific Revolution.