Who was Epicurus and what was his philosophy?
Epicurus , (born 341 bc, Samos, Greece—died 270, Athens), Greek philosopher , author of an ethical philosophy of simple pleasure, friendship, and retirement. He founded schools of philosophy that survived directly from the 4th century bc until the 4th century ad.
What was the goal of epicureanism?
To Epicurus the goal of living was to find happiness through friendship, living humbly and avoiding pain and anxiety. He believed very strongly that by living peacefully and avoiding fear and pain, we could live fully. To Epicurus , living a virtuous life and a peaceful life were one in the same.
How do you live like an epicurean?
Using an Epicurean approach, rather than focus your efforts on acquiring expensive material possessions, you would instead find greater pleasure and happiness by: Enjoying things in moderation. Living modestly within your means. Savoring the things and experiences that are the most important to you.
What is Epicurean motto?
Epicureanism was later summed up as a motto : eat, drink and be merry, for tomorrow we may die. It is also known as hedonism, the philosophy of good living.
What did Epicurus philosophy teach?
The philosophy of Epicurus (341–270 B.C.E.) was a complete and interdependent system, involving a view of the goal of human life (happiness, resulting from absence of physical pain and mental disturbance), an empiricist theory of knowledge (sensations, together with the perception of pleasure and pain, are infallible
Do epicureans believe in God?
Religion. Epicureanism does not deny the existence of the gods ; rather it denies their involvement in the world. According to Epicureanism , the gods do not interfere with human lives or the rest of the universe in any way-thus, it shuns the idea that frightening weather events are divine retribution.
What is the good life for an epicurean?
For Epicurus , the most pleasant life is one where we abstain from unnecessary desires and achieve an inner tranquility (ataraxia) by being content with simple things, and by choosing the pleasure of philosophical conversation with friends over the pursuit of physical pleasures like food, drink, and sex.
What three things does Epicurus believe is necessary for happiness?
He believed there were 3 key components of a happy life: Friendship. Freedom and Self -Sufficiency. Philosophical Thought.
What are the two types of pleasures on Epicurus view?
For Epicurus , pleasure is tied closely to satisfying one’s desires. He distinguishes between two different types of pleasure : ‘moving’ pleasures and ‘static’ pleasures . The greatest destroyer of happiness, thinks Epicurus , is anxiety about the future, especially fear of the gods and fear of death.
How did Epicurus define happiness?
Epicurus agrees with Aristotle that happiness is an end-in-itself and the highest good of human living. However, he identifies happiness with the pursuit of pleasure and the avoidance of pain rather than with the pure exercise of reason.
What kind of person is an epicurean?
Used as a noun or adjective, epicurean refers to a devotion to pleasure or refined, sensuous enjoyment, especially of good food and drink. Epicurus , the ancient Greek philosopher this word was named after, taught his students that pleasure was a sign of the good, and pain a sign of evil.
What is the difference between Stoic and Epicurean?
In summary, a simple heuristic to remember the difference between the Stoics and the Epicureans : The Stoics cared about virtuous behavior and living according to nature, while the Epicureans were all about avoiding pain and seeking natural and necessary pleasure.
What did Epicurus eat?
Epicurus ate very simply and usually had bread, olives, and cheese. Even in his own time rumors were rampant that his philosophy school had orgies and feasting. None of the rumors were true. Epicurus taught people to be moderate in all ways and eat simple foods.