What is an argument in the context of critical reasoning?
In critical thinking , an argument is defined as Argument . A set of statements, one of which is the conclusion and the others are the premises. There are three important things to remember here: Arguments contain statements. They have a conclusion.
What is a good philosophical argument?
A good argument is an argument that is either valid or strong, and with plausible premises that are true, do not beg the question, and are relevant to the conclusion. “The conclusion of this argument is true, so some or all the premises are true.”
How do you explain a philosophical argument?
To Explain an argument is to see to it that your reader fully understands the argument you have just presented. The best and most clear way to explain an argument is to do two things for each premise of the argument : (i) define any technical terms that appear in the premise; and (ii) give the rationale for the premise.
What are the main components of an argument?
The basic components of an argument are its claim, supporting points, and evidence. Claim: Your claim states the primary argument you are making in your essay. Supporting Points: Your supporting points offer reasons why the audience should accept your claim. Evidence: Evidence backs up your supporting points.
What is the relationship between critical thinking and argument?
Critical Thinking (CT) and Argumentation are closely linked skills and concepts. To be effective in either skill, the other is necessary. CT provides the processes needed for argument formulation, while Argumentation allows one to utilize and apply CT skills through logical reasoning .
What is the purpose of reasoning?
All reasoning has a purpose . All reasoning is an attempt to figure something out, to settle some question, to solve some problem. All reasoning is based on assumptions.
How do you describe a strong argument?
Here are some adjectives for argument : nice knock-down, practical or logical, loud and lengthy, moral, legal and psychological, hour-long philosophical, new, fit, convincing , constitutional, skilful and impassioned, familiar playful, unassailable and thoroughly convincing , macho emotional, weighty negative, congenial
What are the qualities of a good argument?
Three Characteristics of Good Arguments All its premises are true. The premise(s), the reasons for accepting the conclusion (s), must be true – or, at least, believable – in order for the argument to be cogent. It considers all relevant information. It is logically valid.
What’s a good argument topic?
Argumentative Essay Topics Education Parents should have an active role in their child’s education. The Grading system shouldn’t exist to judge a student’s abilities. Standardized tests should be abolished in schools. All students must wear a uniform in high school.
How do you defend a philosophical argument?
Defend the argument or thesis against someone else’s criticism. Offer reasons to believe the thesis. Give examples which help explain the thesis, or which help to make the thesis more plausible.
What does argument mean?
1 : a reason or the reasoning given for or against a matter under discussion — compare evidence, proof. 2 : the act or process of arguing , reasoning, or discussing especially : oral argument .
How do you standardize an argument?
Identify the main conclusion. Omit any unnecessary or irrelevant material. Number the steps in the argument and order them with premises above conclusions. State the main conclusion last. Fill in any key missing premises or conclusions. Add parenthetical justifications for each conclusion in the argument .
What are the 5 elements of an argument?
Elements of an Argument . pathos. audience. speaker. ethos. message. logos.
What are the four basic elements of an argument?
So, there you have it – the four parts of an argument: claims , counterclaims, reasons, and evidence . A claim is the main argument. A counterclaim is the opposite of the argument, or the opposing argument. A reason tells why the claim is made and is supported by the evidence .
What are the three parts of an arguments?
An argument can be broken down into three major components : premises, inferences, and a conclusion. Here we see two different types of claims which can occur in an argument . The first is a factual claim, and this purports to offer evidence.