What was the philosophy of the Stoics?
Stoicism is an ancient Greek philosophy (developed by Zeno of Citium around 300 B.C. as a refinement of Cynicism ) which teaches the development of self-control and fortitude as a means of overcoming destructive emotions.
What are the four pillars of stoicism?
The four virtues of Stoicism are wisdom , justice , courage and temperance. Temperance is subdivided into self-control, discipline and modesty. I think that with discipline everything else falls into place.
How does the philosophy of Stoicism work?
Stoics aim for a state of apatheia — not quite what we know as apathy, but a place without distracting emotions or excitement — in order to think clearly, reason correctly and work toward a virtuous life. Rather than suppressing emotions, these must be transformed to achieve inner calm [source: How to Be a Stoic ].
Is stoicism a good philosophy?
It’s a philosophy designed to make us more resilient, happier, more virtuous and more wise–and as a result, better people, better parents and better professionals. Stoicism has been a common thread though some of history’s great leaders.
Why stoicism is bad?
So Stoicism is inimical to freedom. It is true that we cannot control everything, but Stoicism is the wrong response. But Stoicism is unable to work the “magic” of emotion, as Sartre says. In his view, people initiate emotions when they are confronted with obstacles they seemingly have no rational way of overcoming.
Did Stoics believe in God?
The Stoics often identified the universe and God with Zeus, as the ruler and upholder, and at the same time the law, of the universe. The Stoic God is not a transcendent omniscient being standing outside nature, but rather it is immanent—the divine element is immersed in nature itself.
How do Stoics view death?
So in order to properly live, we must learn to accept death as a natural process of life. The Stoics viewed death as natural, a return to Nature. It is the value-judgments we place on death which makes it as terrible as it is. This is the existential dilemma we all will face at one point or another in our lives.
Is stoicism relevant today?
Studying and practicing Stoicism today helps you improve yourself and become a sounder person. It teaches desirable values such as courage, patience, self-discipline, serenity, perseverance, forgiveness, kindness, and humility. All those values make our character and are displayed in our chosen actions.
What is the highest virtue?
Truth is the highest virtue, but higher still is truthful living.
Can Stoics be happy?
Yes, the Stoics are happy , because they can be happy . Stoicism doesn’t epitomize being humorless and passionless as the basic principles. In fact, a Stoic person is happier than most of us because their philosophy shows them how to be happy .
What are the basic principles of stoicism?
Detailed below are the 9 Principles of Stoicism , summarised from the Paul Jun article: Acknowledge that all emotions come from within. Find someone you respect, and use them to stay honest. Recognize there is life after failure. Read purposefully, and apply your knowledge. Challenge yourself to be brutally honest.
What is a stoic person like?
Being stoic is being calm and almost without any emotion. When you’re stoic , you don’t show what you’re feeling and you also accept whatever is happening. The noun stoic is a person who’s not very emotional. The adjective stoic describes any person , action, or thing that seems emotionless and almost blank.
What is the opposite of a stoic?
The modern usage of stoicism is more about personality – meaning resilience and calm acceptance. The opposite of this would probably be neuroticism – acute sensitivity to emotional disturbance.
What branch of philosophy is stoicism?
Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early 3rd century BC. It is a philosophy of personal ethics informed by its system of logic and its views on the natural world.
Is stoicism biblical?
This belief became the foundation of Stoicism . Among the parallels between Stoicism and Christianity, both are monotheistic. Stoicism follows Heraclitus and believes in one Logos; Christianity follows Jesus, and requires followers to believe in the one true God and have no other gods before him [her].