What was the philosophy of the Stoics?
Stoicism is an ancient Greek philosophy (developed by Zeno of Citium around 300 B.C. as a refinement of Cynicism ) which teaches the development of self-control and fortitude as a means of overcoming destructive emotions.
What did the Epicureans believe?
The philosophy of Epicurus (341–270 B.C.E.) was a complete and interdependent system, involving a view of the goal of human life (happiness, resulting from absence of physical pain and mental disturbance), an empiricist theory of knowledge (sensations, together with the perception of pleasure and pain, are infallible
Do Stoics believe in love?
(63.8). The point is: The Stoics loved deeply and unashamedly, this is impossible to argue against. However, they did so in their own unique way. In contrast to the Romantic, who understands love basically as unrequited love , the Stoic approaches the emotions, love included, from within a philosophical outlook.
What is Epicurean motto?
Epicureanism was later summed up as a motto : eat, drink and be merry, for tomorrow we may die. It is also known as hedonism, the philosophy of good living.
What are the 4 virtues of stoicism?
The Stoics elaborated a detailed taxonomy of virtue, dividing virtue into four main types: wisdom , justice , courage , and moderation. Wisdom is subdivided into good sense, good calculation, quick-wittedness, discretion, and resourcefulness. Justice is subdivided into piety, honesty, equity, and fair dealing.
Can Stoics be happy?
Yes, the Stoics are happy , because they can be happy . Stoicism doesn’t epitomize being humorless and passionless as the basic principles. In fact, a Stoic person is happier than most of us because their philosophy shows them how to be happy .
What are the two types of pleasures on Epicurus view?
For Epicurus , pleasure is tied closely to satisfying one’s desires. He distinguishes between two different types of pleasure : ‘moving’ pleasures and ‘static’ pleasures . The greatest destroyer of happiness, thinks Epicurus , is anxiety about the future, especially fear of the gods and fear of death.
Do epicureans believe in God?
Religion. Epicureanism does not deny the existence of the gods ; rather it denies their involvement in the world. According to Epicureanism , the gods do not interfere with human lives or the rest of the universe in any way-thus, it shuns the idea that frightening weather events are divine retribution.
Do Stoics believe in God?
The Stoics often identified the universe and God with Zeus, as the ruler and upholder, and at the same time the law, of the universe. The Stoic God is not a transcendent omniscient being standing outside nature, but rather it is immanent—the divine element is immersed in nature itself.
Do Stoics feel emotions?
Stoics feel . The stoic path is not one of emotional repression. On the contrary, Stoics expect that a well lived life will result in tranquility and joy. It is true that we focus most of our attention on the amazing tool that is the human mind, but we understand that emotions are part of that mental landscape.
What is a stoic person like?
Being stoic is being calm and almost without any emotion. When you’re stoic , you don’t show what you’re feeling and you also accept whatever is happening. The noun stoic is a person who’s not very emotional. The adjective stoic describes any person , action, or thing that seems emotionless and almost blank.
Do Stoics drink?
The Stoics on Alcohol The historian Diogenes Laertius, a “doxographer” who recorded the views of Greek philosophers, says that the Stoics typically drank wine in moderation, but would not allow themselves to get drunk.
What kind of person is an epicurean?
Used as a noun or adjective, epicurean refers to a devotion to pleasure or refined, sensuous enjoyment, especially of good food and drink. Epicurus , the ancient Greek philosopher this word was named after, taught his students that pleasure was a sign of the good, and pain a sign of evil.
Who are the Stoics and Epicureans?
In summary, a simple heuristic to remember the difference between the Stoics and the Epicureans : The Stoics cared about virtuous behavior and living according to nature, while the Epicureans were all about avoiding pain and seeking natural and necessary pleasure.
What is Epicurus best known for?
Epicurus , (born 341 bc, Samos, Greece—died 270, Athens), Greek philosopher, author of an ethical philosophy of simple pleasure, friendship, and retirement. He founded schools of philosophy that survived directly from the 4th century bc until the 4th century ad.