Stoic philosophy pdf

What are the 4 virtues of stoicism?

The Stoics elaborated a detailed taxonomy of virtue, dividing virtue into four main types: wisdom , justice , courage , and moderation. Wisdom is subdivided into good sense, good calculation, quick-wittedness, discretion, and resourcefulness. Justice is subdivided into piety, honesty, equity, and fair dealing.

What was the main idea of the Stoic philosophy?

Stoicism teaches the development of self-control and fortitude as a means of overcoming destructive emotions; the philosophy holds that becoming a clear and unbiased thinker allows one to understand the universal reason (logos).

What are the basic principles of stoicism?

Detailed below are the 9 Principles of Stoicism , summarised from the Paul Jun article: Acknowledge that all emotions come from within. Find someone you respect, and use them to stay honest. Recognize there is life after failure. Read purposefully, and apply your knowledge. Challenge yourself to be brutally honest.

Is stoicism a good philosophy?

It’s a philosophy designed to make us more resilient, happier, more virtuous and more wise–and as a result, better people, better parents and better professionals. Stoicism has been a common thread though some of history’s great leaders.

Why being stoic is bad?

However, the downside to being stoic is that, as others have already pointed out, you don’t value feelings and emotions as much which is really unhealthy to your mental and physical health and can lead to bad decisions and a unfulfilled life.

Why stoicism is bad?

So Stoicism is inimical to freedom. It is true that we cannot control everything, but Stoicism is the wrong response. But Stoicism is unable to work the “magic” of emotion, as Sartre says. In his view, people initiate emotions when they are confronted with obstacles they seemingly have no rational way of overcoming.

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Can Stoics be happy?

Yes, the Stoics are happy , because they can be happy . Stoicism doesn’t epitomize being humorless and passionless as the basic principles. In fact, a Stoic person is happier than most of us because their philosophy shows them how to be happy .

What are the characteristics of a stoic?

A stoic would be trying to cultivating the virtues of Wisdom, Justice, Courage , and Temperance (discipline). This would look like someone who is curious and seeks knowledge, has a sense of fairness, tries to do the right thing, and doesn’t do things to excess like eat or drink.

How do you teach Stoic philosophy?

Here are X ways to help teach your children about Stoicism : [1] Start With This Critical Lesson . [2] Review These Four Virtues. [3] Read Them The Great Books. [4] Learn With Them. [5] Surround Them With Teachers. [6] Practice What You Preach.

What are the three main teachings of stoicism?

Stoic Principles Nature: Nature is rational. Law of Reason: The universe is governed by the law of reason. Virtue: A life led according to rational nature is virtuous. Wisdom : Wisdom is the the root virtue. Apathea: Since passion is irrational, life should be waged as a battle against it.

What is a stoic lifestyle?

Stoicism is, at its root, a philosophy for minimizing the negative emotions in your life and maximizing your gratitude and joy; it includes mindfulness practices and value-based living. Stoicism is a tool to amplify your human experience, both internally and externally.

What are the pillars of stoicism?

Stoicism is an ancient Greco-Roman philosophy. The ideal for the Stoic, as with the Buddhist, is to show complete equanimity in the face of adversity. The four virtues of Stoicism are wisdom , justice , courage and temperance. Temperance is subdivided into self-control, discipline and modesty.

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What is the opposite of a stoic?

The modern usage of stoicism is more about personality – meaning resilience and calm acceptance. The opposite of this would probably be neuroticism – acute sensitivity to emotional disturbance.

What type of philosophy is stoicism?

Stoicism is an ancient Greek philosophy (developed by Zeno of Citium around 300 B.C. as a refinement of Cynicism ) which teaches the development of self-control and fortitude as a means of overcoming destructive emotions.

Did Stoics believe in God?

The Stoics often identified the universe and God with Zeus, as the ruler and upholder, and at the same time the law, of the universe. The Stoic God is not a transcendent omniscient being standing outside nature, but rather it is immanent—the divine element is immersed in nature itself.

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