Readings in ancient greek philosophy from thales to aristotle

What did Greek philosophers value most?

Philosophy and science One of the key points of Ancient Greek philosophy was the role of reason and inquiry. It emphasized logic and championed the idea of impartial, rational observation of the natural world. The Greeks made major contributions to math and science.

What does philosophy mean in ancient Greek?

The word philosophy comes from the Greek philo (love) and sophia (wisdom) and so is literally defined as “the love of wisdom”. More broadly understood, it is the study of the most basic and profound matters of human existence.

What were the basic beliefs of the Greek philosophers?

In ancient Greece , philosophers contemplated and theorized about many different ideas such as human nature, ethics, and moral dilemmas. Ancient Greek philosophers can be categorized into three groups: the Pre-Socratics, the Socratics, and the Post-Socratics.

What role did philosophers play in ancient Greece?

Greek philosophers were “seekers and lovers of wisdom”. They studied and analyzed the world around them using logic and reason. Although we often think of philosophy as religion or “the meaning of life”, the Greek philosophers were also scientists. Many studied mathematics and physics as well.

Who is the father of philosophy?

Socrates

Who are the most notable ancient Greek philosophers?

Here is a list of the top 10 most influential ancient Greek philosophers: Anaximander (610 BC–546 BC) Empedocles (490 BC–430 BC) Zeno (490 BC–430 BC) Pythagoras (570 BC–495 BC) Socrates (469 BC–399 BC) Plato (427 BC–347 BC) Aristotle (384 BC–322 BC) Thales of Miletus (620 BC–546 BC)

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Where should I start in Greek philosophy?

Start with Plato’s dialogues, either the Apology or the Alcibiades. Neither the Metaphysics nor the Republic is good introductory material. Instead, I recommend Plato’s Apology and Euthyphro, Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, and Marcus Aurelius’ Meditations (if you want to go further into Hellenistic philosophy ).

Why is the Greek philosophy important?

Ancient Greek philosophy opened the doors to a particular way of thinking that provided the roots for the Western intellectual tradition and civilisation, so it comes as no surprise that these philosophers of ancient Greece are known as some of the greatest thinkers to have ever stepped foot on this earth.

Which came first philosophy or religion?

Religion and philosophy, at first, were essentially the same thing. All part of early human attempts to understand the forces at work in the world. And of ways to deal with them. Religion officially came into existence when it’s underlying philosophy became dogmatic, rigid and was forcibly imposed on others.

What is Aristotle’s philosophy?

In his natural philosophy , Aristotle combines logic with observation to make general, causal claims. For example, in his biology, Aristotle uses the concept of species to make empirical claims about the functions and behavior of individual animals.

What two ideas about the universe did Greek philosophers accept?

Greek philosophers believed that the sun , moon, and stars revolved around the earth. This is called Geocentrism , as opposed to heliocentrism , which states that the earth revolves around the sun . They believed that the earth was at the center of the universe.

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What is the main philosophy of Socrates?

Philosophy . Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

How did Greek philosophers affect Greek society?

The ideas of Greek philosophy affected Greek society helped others study/learn about science, math, and political science. They believed the human mind could understand everything. They affected today’s societies with public speaking, government, and political ideas.

Who started philosophy?

The separation of philosophy and science from theology began in Greece during the 6th century BC. Thales , an astronomer and mathematician, was considered by Aristotle to be the first philosopher of the Greek tradition. While Pythagoras coined the word, the first known elaboration on the topic was conducted by Plato .

Why did philosophy develop in Greece?

The spreading of the Western civilization, along with Western values and ideas, implied the spread of some of the ancient Greek philosophers works. This is why people might think that philosophy started in Greece (and possibly because the word philosophy in English is of Greek origin).

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