Plato vs aristotle philosophy

What are the main differences between Plato and Aristotle?

Plato believed that concepts had a universal form, an ideal form, which leads to his idealistic philosophy. Aristotle believed that universal forms were not necessarily attached to each object or concept, and that each instance of an object or a concept had to be analyzed on its own.

What was Plato’s view of the good does Aristotle agree?

IN ETHICS  Plato believed that wisdom is the basic virtue and with it, one can unify all virtues into a whole.  Aristotle believed that wisdom was virtuous, but that achieving virtue was neither automatic nor did it grant any unification of other virtues. 11.

What is philosophy according to Aristotle?

Philosophy was a subject of great interest to Aristotle , and he theorized that philosophy was the foundation of the ability to understand the basic axioms that comprise knowledge. In order to study and question completely, Aristotle viewed logic as the basic means of reasoning.

What was Plato’s main philosophy?

In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested)

Who is better Plato or Aristotle?

Plato by far has contributed more to society than Aristotle . Aristotle was not read by his contemporaries, but rather the words of Socrates were highly sought after and paid for. Socrates was the father of logic and philosophy (love of wisdom). Plato was his apt student and Aristotle did not learn well from either.

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What did Plato and Aristotle disagree on?

Although Plato had been his teacher, Aristotle disagreed with much of Plato’s philosophy. Plato was an idealist, who believed that everything had an ideal form. Aristotle believed in looking at the real world and studying it. Aristotle spent many years teaching in Athens, which was under the control of Macedon.

What kind of thing is most real for Aristotle contrast with Plato?

What kind of thing is most real for Aristotle ? Contrast with Plato . Primary substance are the most real thing for Aristotle because they are subjects to everything else and all other things are either asserted of them or are present in them.

What did Plato teach Aristotle?

Ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle . His writings explored justice, beauty and equality, and also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language.

Why did Aristotle rejected Plato’s theory of forms?

However, careful consideration of both Plato and Aristotle’s arguments shows that they do not necessarily contradict each other. Aristotle countered Plato’s ideas by saying that forms without matter could not be “something definite;” they could not actually, physically exist.

What are the main ideas of Aristotle?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What is Aristotle natural philosophy?

1. Natures. Nature , according to Aristotle , is an inner principle of change and being at rest (Physics 2.1, 192b20–23). This means that when an entity moves or is at rest according to its nature reference to its nature may serve as an explanation of the event.

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Who is the father of philosophy?

Socrates

Why is Plato called the father of philosophy?

Plato is considered by many to be the most important philosopher who ever lived. He is known as the father of idealism in philosophy . His ideas were elitist, with the philosopher king the ideal ruler. Plato is perhaps best known to college students for his parable of a cave, which appears in Plato’s Republic.

What is the contribution of Plato in philosophy?

Plato is also considered the founder of Western political philosophy . His most famous contribution is the theory of Forms known by pure reason, in which Plato presents a solution to the problem of universals known as Platonism (also ambiguously called either Platonic realism or Platonic idealism).

What is good life according to Plato?

This moral conception of the good life has had plenty of champions. Socrates and Plato both gave absolute priority to being a virtuous person over all other supposedly good things such as pleasure, wealth, or power. In Plato’s dialogue Gorgias, Socrates takes this position to an extreme.

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