Philosophy train question

What is the correct answer to the trolley problem?

Foot’s own response to the Trolley Problem was that the morally justified action would be to steer the trolley to kill the one workman, thus saving a net four lives. In order to demonstrate the morality of this, she made a distinction between what she called ‘negative duties’ and ‘positive duties’.

What does the Trolley Problem teach us?

The trolley problem is a series of thought experiments in ethics and psychology, involving stylized ethical dilemmas of whether to sacrifice one person to save a larger number. If you pull this lever, the trolley will switch to a different set of tracks. However, you notice that there is one person on the side track.

Is it right to kill one person to save many?

The utilitarian perspective dictates that most appropriate action is the one that achieves the greatest good for the greatest number. Psychological research shows that in the first version of the problem, most people agree with utilitarians, deeming it morally acceptable to flip the switch, killing one to save five.

What is Thomson’s solution to the trolley problem?

In “The Trolley Problem ,” Thomson offered a solution —call this her First Solu- tion—according to which the bystander may flip the switch in Bystander be- cause were he to do so (1) he makes what was threatening five come to threaten only one and (2) he does so not by any means that constitute an infringement of any

What is the Trolley Problem an example of?

The trolley problem is a question of human morality, and an example of a philosophical view called consequentialism. This view says that morality is defined by the consequences of an action, and that the consequences are all that matter.

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Who made the Trolley Problem?

Philippa Foot

What question does the Trolley Problem raise?

To the wider world, and perhaps especially to undergraduate philosophy students, she is best known for inventing the Trolley Problem , which raises the question of why it seems permissible to steer a trolley aimed at five people toward one person while it seems impermissible to do something such as killing one healthy

What is the difference between act and rule utilitarianism?

There is a difference between rule and act utilitarianism . The act utilitarian considers only the results or consequences of the single act while the rule utilitarian considers the consequences that result of following a rule of conduct .

Is it OK to sacrifice a few to save many?

New research has found that while some humans are capable of sacrificing one life to save many , their decision has roots found in the minds of psychopaths. The study, carried out by the University of Plymouth, wanted to compare what people ‘said’ they would do to whether or not they would then actually do it.

Would you push the fat man off the bridge?

However, a fat man , a stranger, is standing next to you : if you push him off the bridge , he will topple onto the line and, although he will die, his chunky body will stop the train, saving five lives.

Does the trolley problem have a problem?

However, there’s just one problem : The trolley problem doesn’t really have anything to do with the ethics AI—or even driving. As the trolley driver, you are not responsible for the failure of the brakes or the presence of the workers on the track, so doing nothing means the unintentional death of five people.

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What would Kant say about the Trolley Problem?

Trolley Problem Under Kantianism The simple answer is that Kantianism does not allow for the pushing of the lever; you shouldn’t kill one to save five. This is because the decision to kill another rational being is always immoral in the eyes of Kantian ethicist.

What morality means?

Morality (from Latin: moralitas, lit. ‘manner, character, proper behavior’) is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper. Morality may also be specifically synonymous with “goodness” or “rightness”.

What is the principle of utility?

The Principle of Utility holds that an action is good in so far as it tends to promote happiness for moral agents. Hence, actions should not be considered good or bad in-and-of themselves, but only in reference to their utility (i.e., usefulness in achieving happiness).

What is the footbridge dilemma?

Consider the footbridge dilemma : Consider a trolley barreling down a track that will kill five people unless diverted. You are standing on a bridge with a fat man. If you push the fat man onto the track, the trolley will derail, sparing the five people. Notice that the consequences for the action remain the same.

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