What is the zombie problem?
The philosophical zombie or p- zombie argument is a thought experiment in philosophy of mind and philosophy of perception that imagines a being that, if it could conceivably exist, logically disproves the idea that physical substance is all that is required to explain consciousness.
Are zombies conceivable?
Few people, if any, think zombies actually exist. But many hold that they are at least conceivable , and some that they are possible. It seems that if zombies really are possible, then physicalism is false and some kind of dualism is true. For many philosophers that is the chief importance of the zombie idea.
Are zombies logically possible?
Of course, the existence of a real zombie would entail that zombies are nomologically as well as logically possible , but the reverse entailments do not hold. Clearly, the question of whether there are any philosophical zombies actually lurking among us is a form of the venerable problem of other minds.
Does Conceivability entail possibility?
Conceivability is prima facie evidence of metaphysical possibility , but it does not entail metaphysical possibility . To endorse ‘Defeasible Modal Rationalism’ is to say that p’s being (ideally, positively, primarily) conceivable constitutes a merely prima facie reason to believe that p is metaphysically possible.
Where did zombies first appear?
Who invented the zombie concept?
The word is believed to be of West African origin and was brought to Haiti by slaves from that region. The concept of zombies would evolve further with the creation of the voudou religion.
What is Jackson’s knowledge argument?
On Jackson’s version of the knowledge argument , the assumption that Mary knows the complete physical truth about the world does not guarantee that she will be able to figure out the complete truth about human color vision. His reasoning involves the idea of the complete physical truth.
What is the meaning of Qualia?
In philosophy and certain models of psychology, qualia (/ˈkwɑːliə/ or /ˈkweɪliə/; singular form: quale) are defined as individual instances of subjective, conscious experience.
Is Chalmers a Physicalist?
Philosophy of mind Chalmers argues for an “explanatory gap” from the objective to the subjective, and criticizes physicalist explanations of mental experience, making him a dualist. He has also characterized his view by more traditional formulations such as property dualism.
What is the zombie virus called?
The CW television series Supernatural has Lucifer’s ultimate plan being to unleash a zombie virus , known as the Crotoan Virus , upon the Earth, and to have humanity become ravenous, intelligent, fast zombies which devour and kill each other to cleanse the Earth of humans and to have Lucifer and his angels rule the Earth
What its like to be a bat?
Nagel uses the metaphor of bats to clarify the distinction between subjective and objective concepts. Bats are mammals, so they are assumed to have conscious experience. Bats use echolocation to navigate and perceive objects. This method of perception is similar to the human sense of vision.
What does Physicalism mean?
Physicalism is the thesis that everything is physical, or as contemporary philosophers sometimes put it, that everything supervenes on the physical.
What does Conceivability mean?
: capable of being conceived : imaginable every conceivable combination.