What is condition philosophy?
Condition , in logic, a stipulation, or provision, that needs to be satisfied; also, something that must exist or be the case or happen in order for something else to do so (as in “the will to live is a condition for survival”). Condition . Hypothetical proposition.
How do you prove necessary and sufficient conditions?
The assertion that a statement is a ” necessary and sufficient ” condition of another means that the former statement is true if and only if the latter is true. That is, the two statements must be either simultaneously true, or simultaneously false.
How do you prove necessity?
Normally, to establish a necessity defense—a tall order—a defendant must prove that: there was a specific threat of significant, imminent danger. there was an immediate necessity to act. there was no practical alternative to the act. the defendant didn’t cause or contribute to the threat.
What are the necessary conditions for a group explain?
In mathematics, a group is a set equipped with a binary operation that combines any two elements to form a third element in such a way that four conditions called group axioms are satisfied, namely closure, associativity, identity and invertibility.
What does DF mean in philosophy?
The standard symbol used by philosophers , mathematicians, and logicians for “is [or means] by definition ” is “= df “. An example is: “a posteriori” = df “by experience” The term written to the left of the “= df “-symbol is known by the technical name, the “definiendum” (“that which is to be defined”).
What does sufficient mean in philosophy?
A necessary condition is a condition that must be present for an event to occur. A sufficient condition is a condition or set of conditions that will produce the event. A necessary condition must be there, but it alone does not provide sufficient cause for the occurrence of the event.
What is a sufficient cause?
A Sufficient Cause . Rothman defined a sufficient cause as “a complete causal mechanism” that “inevitably produces disease.” Consequently, a ” sufficient cause ” is not a single factor, but a minimum set of factors and circumstances that, if present in a given individual, will produce the disease.
Can a condition be sufficient but not necessary?
A sufficient condition , if met, guarantees another event with no exceptions. But . A sufficient condition is not necessary for that event to happen, since there could be many other conditions that are also sufficient for the resulting event to happen.
Is only if sufficient or necessary?
It’s important to remember that ” only ,” ” only if ,” and ” only when ” all introduce the necessary condition. These ” necessary condition prompters” should not be clumped together with the notorious “the only .” “The only ” will introduce the sufficient condition.
What does necessity mean in law?
A defense asserted by a criminal or civil defendant that he or she had no choice but to break the law . The defense of necessity is considered a justification defense, as compared with an excuse defense such as duress.
What is the difference between necessary and sufficient cause?
If A is necessary for B ( necessary cause ) that means you will never have B if you don’t have A. If A is sufficient for B ( sufficient cause ), that means that if you have A, you will ALWAYS have B. In other words, if something is a sufficient cause , then every time it happens the outcome will follow.
What is the necessity of law?
The law is important for a society for it serves as a norm of conduct for citizens. Without law there would be chaos and it would be survival of the fittest and everyman for himself. Not an ideal lifestyle for most part. The law is important because it acts as a guideline as to what is accepted in society.
What does jointly sufficient mean?
Frequently the terminology of “individually necessary” and ” jointly sufficient ” is used. One might say, for example, “each of the members of the foregoing set is individually necessary and, taken all together, they are jointly sufficient for x’s being a square.”
Is having four legs sufficient for being a chair is it necessary explain?
Chairs do not need to have four legs . They can have three legs , two legs even one leg or no legs at all. Chairs do not nee to be made of wood or metal .
Is earning a final grade of Ca necessary or sufficient condition for passing the course?
Earning a final grade of C is a sufficient condition for passing this course because earning a C guarantees passing it. It is not a necessary condition because there are other ways to pass the course other than earning final grade of C.