Martha nussbaum philosophy

What is Martha Nussbaum known for?

Martha Nussbaum (1947-present) is one of the world’s most influential living moral philosophers. She has published on a wide range of topics, from tragedy and vulnerability, to religious tolerance, feminism and the role of the emotions in political life.

What is Martha Nussbaum’s concept of the human person?

Nussbaum’s view holds that “the core of rational and moral personhood is something all human beings share, shaped though it may be in different ways by their differing social circumstances.

Is Martha Nussbaum a feminist?

Nussbaum’s work on capabilities has often focused on the unequal freedoms and opportunities of women, and she has developed a distinctive type of feminism , drawing inspiration from the liberal tradition, but emphasizing that liberalism, at its best, entails radical rethinking of gender relations and relations within

What does Nussbaum mean?

Nussbaum is a surname of German origin. Variant spellings include Nußbaum and Nusbaum. The word means “one who dwells near trees”, likely referring to hazelnut trees or walnut trees.

What is Nussbaum capabilities approach?

Nussbaum’s capabilities approach is centered around the notion of individual human dignity. Given Nussbaum’s contention that the goal of the capabilities approach is to produce capabilities for each and every person, the capabilities below belong to individual persons, rather than to groups.

What are the capabilities included on Martha Nussbaum’s list of capabilities?

Nussbaum devotes much care to the composition of this list ; in brief, it includes : Being able to live to the end of a human life of normal length. Being able to have good health, adequate nutrition, adequate shelter, opportunities for sexual satisfaction and choice in reproduction, and mobility.

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What is human capability?

It should furthermore be noted here that Sen and Nussbaum use ‘ human capabilities ‘ as an ethical category; the term refers to those capabilities of an individual that are valuable or salient from an ethical perspective. Some capabilities may be trivial from the perspective of justice and development.

What are the forms of virtue ethics?

2. Forms of Virtue Ethics 2.1 Eudaimonist Virtue Ethics . The distinctive feature of eudaimonist versions of virtue ethics is that they define virtues in terms of their relationship to eudaimonia. 2.2 Agent-Based and Exemplarist Virtue Ethics . 2.3 Target-Centered Virtue Ethics . 2.4 Platonistic Virtue Ethics .

What are the limitations of the capability approach?

The measured capability set is therefore not a valid measure of an individual’s range of choices or opportunities in life. This is problematic because choice and opportunity are the reasons why capability , and not achieved functioning, is used in assessing well-being.

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