How to analyze an argument in philosophy

What are the 5 Steps to Analyzing an argument?

Terms in this set (47) The five steps of analyzing arguments include: Determining what the arguer MEANS, CONSECUTIVELY numbering arguments , identifying the argument’s MAIN CLAIM, DIAGRAMMING the argument , and CRITIQUING the argument .

What are the steps to analyze an argument?

Steps for Analyzing the Argument : 1) Read the argument and instructions carefully. 2) Identify the argument’s claims, conclusions and underlying assumptions. Evaluate their quality. 3) Think of as many alternative explanations and counterexamples as you can.

How do you evaluate an argument in philosophy?

In order to determine whether an argument is valid or not, ask yourself: Supposing that the premises are or were true (whether they really are or not), must the conclusion be true? If the answer is yes, then the argument is valid. If the answer is no, then the argument is invalid.

How do you write a philosophical analysis?

In order to produce a good philosophy paper, it is first necessary to think very carefully and clearly about your topic. SOME SUGGESTIONS FOR WRITING YOUR PHILOSOPHY PAPER Organize carefully. Use the right words. Support your claims. Give credit. Anticipate objections. Edit boldly.

Why do we need to evaluate an argument?

One evaluates arguments by assessing their quality, i.e., how good they are as arguments . They might be eloquent as speeches or spine tingling as theater, but that won’t make them good arguments . An argument’s purpose is to compel a listener to believe the conclusion on the basis of the reasons given in support.

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How do you standardize and evaluate an argument?

Terms in this set (15) Look for an attempt to convince. Look for the argument basically. Find the conclusion. Find the premises. Check if 1-3 are right. Review if you haven’t misjudged 1-4. Rewrite into declarative sentences. Review the omitted info and make sure it isn’t a premise. Number the premise and conclusion.

How do you evaluate reasoning?

Look for main points. Identify the key issue being debated. Identify if the argument is a controversy over definition, fact, value, or policy, and scrutinize the claim according to the norms for those types of argument.

How do you write a strong argument?

Building Strong Arguments Consider the situation. Think of all aspects of the communication situation What are the subject and purpose of your message? Clarify your thinking. Construct a claim. Collect evidence. Consider key objections. Craft your argument . Confirm your main point.

How do you classify arguments?

An argument may be classified as deductive, inductive, or conductive. Its classification into one of these categories is a prerequisite for its proper evaluation.

What are the qualities of a good argument?

Three Characteristics of Good Arguments All its premises are true. The premise(s), the reasons for accepting the conclusion (s), must be true – or, at least, believable – in order for the argument to be cogent. It considers all relevant information. It is logically valid.

What is evaluation argument?

Evaluation Arguments An evaluative argument makes a judgment on the performance of a particular item in its category. You can determine whether this performance was “good” or “fair” or “unusual,” etc.

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How do you know if an argument is effective?

To determine that an argument is valid or strong, is to maintain that IF the premises are true, then the conclusion either must be true (in valid arguments ) or probably true (in strong arguments ).

What does a philosopher do?

In a modern sense, a philosopher is an intellectual who contributes to one or more branches of philosophy , such as aesthetics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, logic, metaphysics, social theory, philosophy of religion, and political philosophy .

What is your philosophy in life?

The philosophy of life would include things like how you decide what is “good” and “bad”, what “success” means, what your “purpose” in life is (including if you don’t think there is a purpose), whether there is a God, how we should treat each other, etc.

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