Dialectic philosophy definition

What is dialectic in philosophy?

“ Dialectics ” is a term used to describe a method of philosophical argument that involves some sort of contradictory process between opposing sides. In the course of the dialogues, Socrates’ interlocutors propose definitions of philosophical concepts or express views that Socrates challenges or opposes.

What does dialectic mean?

Dialectic or dialectics (Greek: διαλεκτική, dialektikḗ; related to dialogue), also known as the dialectical method, is at base a discourse between two or more people holding different points of view about a subject but wishing to establish the truth through reasoned methods of argumentation.

What does Plato mean by dialectic?

Plato uses the term dialectic throughout his works to refer to whatever method he happens to be recommending as the vehicle of philosophy. The term, from dialegesthai, meaning to converse or talk through, gives insight into his core conception of the project.

What are the 3 basic laws of dialectics?

The three most important dialectical laws are: The law of the transformation of quantity into quality and vice versa. The law of the interpenetration of opposites. The law of the negation of the negation.

What philosophy means?

Philosophy (from Greek: φιλοσοφία, philosophia, ‘love of wisdom’) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about reason, existence, knowledge, values, mind, and language. Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation.

What is an example of dialectical thinking?

I care about my brother and think he’s great, AND him being hard to reach is something I don’t like about him. This is a dialectical situation. These two, seemingly opposing facts about the way I feel about my brother, are both true at the same time.

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What is the difference between dialectic and metaphysics?

Metaphysics – studies the object in the given state (condition). Dialectics – antipodes give birth to new conception (thesis + antithesis = synthesis), so the world is observed in motion. 32.

What is an example of dialectic?

Dialectic definitions A philosophical, logical discussion using questions and answers on ethics or social problems is an example of dialectic . The contradiction between two conflicting forces viewed as the determining factor in their continuing interaction.

What is Hegel’s theory?

Hegelianism is the philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel which can be summed up by the dictum that “the rational alone is real”, which means that all reality is capable of being expressed in rational categories. His goal was to reduce reality to a more synthetic unity within the system of absolute idealism .

What is Socrates dialectic method?

The Socratic method , also known as method of elenchus, elenctic method , or Socratic debate, is a form of cooperative argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas and underlying presuppositions.

What is dialectical reasoning?

Dialectical reasoning is the process of arriving at truth through a process of comparing and contrasting various solutions. This process, also known as logic, originated in classical Greece by the philosopher Aristotle and has evolved into the present through the works of other philosophers such as Hegel.

What is the difference between rhetoric and dialectic?

Dialectic is more sober, practical and persuasive technique of argument which is deliberative and logical. Dialectic influences one person at a time whereas; rhetoric has in its power to sway large audiences to mindless submission. Rhetoric is a one way street, whereas dialectic is a two way street.

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What did Karl Marx mean by dialectical materialism?

Dialectical materialism , a philosophical approach to reality derived from the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. For Marx and Engels, materialism meant that the material world, perceptible to the senses, has objective reality independent of mind or spirit.

How many laws of dialectics are there?

Three Laws

How do you think and act dialectically?

Ways to think and act dialectically Practice looking at other points of view. Remember that no one has the absolute truth. Use “I feel ______” statements. Do not assume that you know what is in someone else’s head. Accept that different opinions can be legitimate (although you do not have to agree with them).

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