What is Aristotle’s moral theory?
Aristotle . The moral theory of Aristotle , like that of Plato, focuses on virtue, recommending the virtuous way of life by its relation to happiness. Aristotle opens the first book of the Nicomachean Ethics by positing some one supreme good as the aim of human actions, investigations, and crafts (1094a).
What was Aristotle main philosophy?
In his natural philosophy, Aristotle combines logic with observation to make general, causal claims. For example, in his biology , Aristotle uses the concept of species to make empirical claims about the functions and behavior of individual animals.
What is moral virtue according to Aristotle?
Virtue for the Greeks is equivalent to excellence. Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.
What is the human good according to Aristotle?
For Aristotle , eudaimonia is the highest human good , the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).
What is the highest virtue according to Aristotle?
What is Aristotle’s concept of the golden mean?
Moral behavior is the mean between two extremes – at one end is excess, at the other deficiency. Find a moderate position between those two extremes, and you will be acting morally.
Who is better Plato or Aristotle?
Plato by far has contributed more to society than Aristotle . Aristotle was not read by his contemporaries, but rather the words of Socrates were highly sought after and paid for. Socrates was the father of logic and philosophy (love of wisdom). Plato was his apt student and Aristotle did not learn well from either.
What is Aristotle philosophy in life?
“Happiness depends on ourselves.” More than anybody else, Aristotle enshrines happiness as a central purpose of human life and a goal in itself. Essentially, Aristotle argues that virtue is achieved by maintaining the Mean, which is the balance between two excesses.
What are 3 facts about Aristotle?
Interesting Aristotle Facts : 1-5 Aristotle was born somewhere around 384 BCE. His father was Nicomachus. Nicomachus died when Aristotle was a young boy. After the death of Nicomachus, Proxenus – husband of Aristotle’s sister Arimneste, became the guardian of young Aristotle .
What are the 4 ethical theories?
Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology , utilitarianism , rights, and virtues.
What are the 12 moral virtues?
Aristotle’s 12 virtues: Courage – bravery . Temperance – moderation. Liberality – spending. Magnificence – charisma, style. Magnanimity – generosity . Ambition – pride. Patience – temper, calm. Friendliness – social IQ.
What are the two kinds of virtues according to Aristotle?
Summary. There are two kinds of virtue : intellectual and moral. We learn intellectual virtues by instruction, and we learn moral virtues by habit and constant practice. We are all born with the potential to be morally virtuous , but it is only by behaving in the right way that we train ourselves to be virtuous .
What does Aristotle claim to be the highest human activity?
Aristotle identifies eudaimonia as the highest good (NE 1095a15-17), and so the principal focus becomes what human activity aims at or has its end in eudaimonia, that is, what activity is the highest or best activity .
What are Aristotle’s virtues?
What are Aristotle’s virtues? Courage : The midpoint between cowardice and recklessness. Temperance : The virtue between overindulgence and insensitivity. Liberality: The virtue of charity, this is the golden mean between miserliness and giving more than you can afford. Magnificence: The virtue of living extravagantly.